Excavator types are crucial when undertaking mining, digging, and construction projects.
These are heavy-duty machines that can reduce your operational costs. The best will maximize productivity and efficiency in an excavation because every terrain is different.
In the machinery market, excavation machines are available in different types to suit the purpose. Be it digging the earth, extraction of soil, or just some other heavy-duty task, the right machine will sort it out all smoothly and safely.
You can do an excavator hire Perth or buy one if you have long-term use.
Let’s look into the four most famous excavators, each in terms of their functionality and how they are useful to your project.
Standard Excavators make the greatest share among all excavators on the market.
If you are working on soft terrain, the standard excavators can be the ideal one to have. Also known as the ‘crawler excavators’, they travel on two parallel tracks that allow them to even climb on hilly or mountainous terrain.
They are mostly 19-24 ton heavy and are commonly found on construction sites.
The standard Excavators have an attached boom, a stick, and a bucket that can load and unload debris in a 360-degree motion, without having to turn the entire vehicle. They have low ground pressure, meaning that your project can be run safely, avoiding being stuck in the mud.
The standard excavators come in multiple sizes, varying from mini to large ones, and their brooms and buckets purposed according to the need of the tasks.
Although closer to conventional excavators in functionality, their tracks are replaced by tires designed to be used on harder surfaces like roads.
They provide great maneuverability and efficiency as wheeled excavators can be driven back and forth from the site by the workers.
This reduces the cost of transportation as some excavators, like standard ones, have to be transported on a trailer. Wheeled Excavators are not a good option for damp and soft terrains as this vehicle has high pressure on the ground.
As the name suggests, dragline excavators have a dragging handle that can conduct ditch extraction on site.
These are heavy-duty machinery, designed only for very specific tasks like canal dredging or mine excavation. It uses a bucket attached to wires and ropes, to dig and dump the debris.
What makes draglines different is that the machine uses pressure to excavate earth instead of using the strength of the arms.
The machinery has a 360-degree rotation that supports it to dump the extractions without going back and forth. Keep in mind that draglines are the most popular options for large-scale engineering projects and are not suited for small-scale, domestic constructions.
Long Reaching Excavators
This machinery is a mix of standard excavators and dragline excavators. Like the standard ones, it has a boom and arm but it provides a greater stretch to the surface like the draglines.
The machine is quite popular on the demolition sites and dredging projects on the rivers and canals.
The long, outreaching hand and bucket allow it to safely reach great heights to fetch the debris that no other piece of construction equipment can achieve. On a demolition site, the long-reaching excavators can reach the height of the building and safely bring it down. Needless to say, you wouldn’t need a wrecking ball or explosive materials for this purpose.